Đề thi tiếng anh quốc gia năm 2015

Chủ nhật - 05/07/2015 08:03
Đề thi tiếng anh tốt nghiệp trung học phổ thông quốc gia năm 2015, đề gồm 64 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm, tối đa 8 điểm
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
ĐỀ THI CHÍNH THỨC KỲ THI TRIUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015
Môn: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút,
không kể thời gian phát đề (Đề thi có 06 trang)
Mã đề thi 931
I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1 :
 






 
Question 2 :
 






 
II. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following question.
Question 3 :
 






 
Question 4 :
 






 
Question 5 :
 






 
III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6 : The receptionist... answered the phone, told me that the director was out.
 






 
Question 7 : Students will not be allowed into the exam room if they________their student cards.
 






 
Question 8 : ________the salesman promised to exchange the detective CD player for a new one, they insisted on getting a refund.
 






 
Question 9 : Changes have been made in our schooling program. As a result, young children________ do homework any more.
 






 
Question 10 : Although MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) spreeds through close contact with sick people, not through the air, many people still avoid________to crowded places.
 






 
Question 11 : A large number of inventions and discoveries have been ________accident.
 






 
Question 12 : The headmaster has decided that three lecture halls________in our school next semester.
 






 
Question 13 : After the new technique had been introduced, the factory produced ________cars in 2014 as the year before.
 






 
Question 14 : It is________of businessmen to shake hands in formal meetings.
 






 
Question 15 : John has finally found a new job after being________for three months.
 






 
Question 16 : Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed so well the 28th Sea Games Women’s 200m butterfly that none of her rivals could________her.
 






 
Question 17 : A molecule of water is ________ of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.
 






 
Question 18 : Jane really loves the________, jewelry box that her parents gave her as a birthday present.
 






 
Question 19 : When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour________science fiction.
 






 
Question 20 : Global warming will result________crop failures and famine.
 






 
Question 21 : ________at school yesterday when we were informed that there was no class due to a sudden power cut.
 







 
 
Question 22 : Such characters as fairies or witches in Walt Disney animated cartoons are purely________.
 






 
Question 23 : Ken and Tom are high-school students. They are discussing where their study group will meet. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank.
Ken: "Where is our study group going to meet next weekend?" Tom: “________”
 






 
Question 24 : Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane's upcoming high-school reunion. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank.
Mike: "So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?” Lane: “________”
 






 
IV. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s)CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 25 : When Susan invited us to dinner, she really showed off her culinary talents. Sheprepared a feast – a huge selection of dishes that were simply mouth-watering.
 






 
Question 26 : “It’s no use talking to me about metaphysics. It’s a closed book to me.”
 






 
Question 27 : Suddenly, it began to rain heavily, so all the summer hikers got drenched all over.
 







"
V. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 28 to 37.
Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available to people for reading, study, or reference. The word library comes (28)________liber, the Latin word for ""book”. (29)________, library collections have almost always contained a variety of materials. Contemporary libraries maintain collections that include not only printed materials such as manuscripts, books, newspapers, and magazines, (30)________ audio visual and online databases. In addition (31)________maintaining collections within library buildings, modern libraries often feature tele-communications links that provide users with access to information at remote sites.

The central mission of a library (32)________to collect, organise, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information. In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down to (33)________generations. Libraries are an essential link in this communication between the past, present, and future. Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (34)________the record is preserved and made available for later use.

People use library resources to gain information about personal (35)________or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use libraries to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn (36)________ in locating sources of information, and to develop good reading and study habits. Public officials use libraries to research legislation and public policy issues. One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (37)________information and services that are essential to learning and progress. From “Library (institution)” by Richard S. Halsey et al.
"
Question 28 :
 






 
Question 29 :
 






 
Question 30 :
 






 
Question 31 :
 






 
Question 32 :
 






 
Question 33 :
 






 
Question 34 :
 






 
Question 35 :
 






 
Question 36 :
 






 
Question 37 :
 






 
VI. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 38 to 47.
Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effects of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animats, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures.

With further warming, animals will tend to migrate towards the poles and up mountainsides towards higher elevations. Plants will also attempt to shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grew too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther north to go.

Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extinction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further wanning. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, may not be able to adjust quickly enough and may disappear.

Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reek, will also be affected by global warming, warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to "bleach", a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral. Scienists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespead bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems.

From “Global Warming” by Michael Mastrandrea and Stephen H. Schneider
Question 38 : Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to________.
 






 
Question 39 : . According to paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend to move________
 






 
Question 40 : The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to________
 






 
Question 41 : The phrase "dwindling sea ice" in paragraph 2 refers to________
 






 
Question 42 : It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celsius degrees________
 






 
Question 43 : According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temperatures,________.
 






 
Question 44 : The word “fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means ________.
 






 
Question 45 : The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates ________..
 






 
Question 46 : The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by________..
 






 
Question 47 : What does the passage mainly discuss?
 






 
VII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 48 : The number of homeless people in Nepal have increased sharply due to the recent severe earthquake.
 






 
Question 49 : Since poaching is becoming more seriously, the government has imposed stricter laws to prevent it.
 






 
Question 50 : It is common knowledge that solar heating for a large office building is technically different from a single-family home.
 






 
Question 51 : All the candidates for the scholarship will be equally treated regarding of their age, sex, or nationality.
 






 
Question 52 : Reminding not to miss the 15:20 train, the manager set out for the station in a hurry.
 






 
VIII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 53 : "Don't be such a pessimist. I'm sure you'll soon get over it. Cheer up!"
 






 
Question 54 : "Be quick! We must speed up if we don’t want to miss the flight."
 






 
IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple fanning, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labour intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food.

In developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantitics of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas.

A country’s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low - productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country's extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practise mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living.

At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practise manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United Slates has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world's wealthiest nations.

High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor families because the provide labour, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficulty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries lend to have high rates of population growth.
Question 55 : Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1?
 






 
Question 56 : What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities?
 






 
Question 57 : The phrase "that number" in paragraph 1 refers to the number of _______.
 






 
Question 58 : In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because_______.
 






 
Question 59 : Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on________
 






 
Question 60 : The phrase “engage in” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.
 






 
Question 61 : The word “infertile” in paragraph 4 probably means ________.
 






 
Question 62 : Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
 






 
Question 63 : Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries?
 






 
Question 64 : Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?
 






 

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